Minggu, 08 April 2012
Mata Uang Yang Sudah Tidak Berlaku
Mata Uang NICA
Economic chaos hyperinflation is exacerbated by the policy due AFNEI Commander (Allied Forces Netherlands East Indies) Lieutenant General Sir Montagu Stopford is on March 6, 1946 announced the implementation of NICA currency in all parts of Indonesia that has been occupied by troops AFNEI. This policy was protested by the government of Indonesia, for violating the agreement that each party should not be issued a new currency for the absence of a political settlement. But the protest was ignored by AFNEI. AFNEI NICA currency used to fund military operations in Indonesia and to disrupt the national economy, so it would appear a crisis of confidence of the people of the ability of the government of Indonesia in overcoming the national economic problems.
Because the protest is not met, then the government of Indonesia issued a policy that prohibits the people of Indonesia using NICA currency as a medium of exchange. This step is very important because NICA currency circulation outside the control of the government of Indonesia, making it difficult for national economic recovery.Therefore AFNEI not repeal the application of the NICA currency, then on October 26, 1946 the government imposed a new currency RI ORI (Oeang Republic of Indonesia) as legal tender throughout the territory of Indonesia. Since that time the Japanese currency, the currency of the Dutch East Indies and De Javasche Bank currency is no longer valid. Thus there are only two currencies that applies the ORI and NICA. Each of these currencies are recognized only by the issuing. So the ORI is only recognized by the government of Indonesia and the currency is only recognized by AFNEI NICA. The people turned out to give more support to the ORI. This has political implications that people become more pro-government Affairs of the interim government that is supported only AFNEI NICA.
To set the rate of ORI with foreign currencies in Indonesia, the government of Indonesia on November 1, 1946 to change the leadership of the Foundation Center Margono Djojohadikusumo Bank to Bank Negara Indonesia (BNI). Several months earlier the government has changed the Japanese occupation government bank Ginko Shomin to Bank Rakyat Indonesia (BRI) and Tyokin Kyoku a Postal Savings Office (KTP), which changed its name in June 1949 became the Post Bank savings and finally in 1950 became the State Savings Bank ( BTN). All bank serves as a general bank run by the government of Indonesia. Its main function is to collect and distribute public funds and service providers in the payment of traffic.